Impact on Engineering and Lifetime Management of Outdoor HV GIS
GIS has been used as an effective solution for the design and operation of substations since the 1960s due to its excellent features such as compactness, encapsulated components, resistance to environmental pollution and increased personnel safety due to minimal exposed high voltage components. The majority of recently constructed GIS installations are indoor, particularly in Europe and North America, but GIS applications using an outdoor design are numerous throughout the world, particularly in Asia and the Pacific Rim.
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